Study of Values

Purpose: Designed to measure six basic personality-related motives or interests.

Population: Grades 10-16 and adults.

Score: 6 scores.

Time: (20) minutes.

Authors: Gordon W. Allport, Philip E. Vernon, and Gardner Lindzey

Publisher: Riverside Publishing Co.

Description: The Study of Values attempts to measure the relative strength of six basic, personality-related motives or interests: theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political, and religious. The basis for this classification was presented by Eduard Spranger in Types of Men. In this work Spranger developed the position that the personalities of human beings can best be understood by studying their values.

Scoring: The test generates six scores in these domains: theoretical, economic, aesthetic, social, political, and religious.

Reliability: Corrected Spearman-Brown formula, split-half reliabilities ranged from a low of .84 (Theoretical) to high of .95 (Religious). With regard to test-retest reliability, the manual presents two studies. In one, carried out in 1951 with 34 subjects and a one-month interval between administrations, the correlation coefficients ranged from .77 (Social) to .12 (Economic). In the second, carried out in 1957 with 53 subjects and a two-month interval between administrations, the correlation coefficients ranged from .84 (Economic) to .93 (Religious).

Validity: With regard to validity, the evidence presented in the manual is based primarily on group differences. For example, that college students majoring in business administration will have relatively high Economic scale scores while theology students will have relatively high Religious scale scores are expectations that the manualís empirical data support. Males and females have characteristically different value profiles. Value scores have been correlated with measures of creativity, church attendance, descriptions of self, and numerous other characteristics.

Norms: The normative sample consisted of a heterogenous sample 1,816 college students.

Suggested Uses: The Study of Values test is recommended primarily for research settings.