Tennessee Self Concept Scale

Purpose: Designed to summarized an individualís self-worth.

Population: Ages 12 and over.

Score: 2 scoring systems yield different types and amount of scores.

Time: (10-20) minutes.

Author: William H. Fitts.

Publisher: Western Psychological Services.

Description: The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS) consists of 100 self-descriptive items by means of which an individual portrays what he or she is, does, likes, and feels. The scale is intended to summarize an individual's feeling of self-worth, the degree to which the self-image is realistic, and whether or not that self-image is a deviant one. As well as providing an overall assessment of self-esteem, the TSCS measures five external aspects of self-concept (moral-ethical, social, personal, physical, and family) and three internal aspects (identity, behavior, and self-satisfaction). In addition, crossing the internal and external dimensions results in the mapping of 15 "facets" of self-concept.

Scoring: The TSCS allows two scoring systems. The counseling form yields 14 profiled scores: self-criticism, 9 self-esteem scores (identity, self-satisfaction, behavior, physical self, moral-ethical self, personal self, family self, social self, and total), 3 variability of response scores (variation across the first 3 self-esteem scores, variation across the last 5 self-esteem scores, and total), and a distribution score. The clinical and research form yields 29 profiled scores: the 14 scores in the counseling form and the following 15: response bias, net conflict, total conflict, 6 empirical scales (defensive positive, general maladjustment, psychosis, personality disorder, neurosis, personality integration), deviant signs, 5 scores consisting of counts of each type of response made.

Reliability: The reliability estimates for all TSCS scales are retest coefficients based on a sample of 60 college students over a two-week period and in general range from .60 to .90.

Validity: The manual presents correlations between the TSCS scales and those of the MMPI, the Edwards Personal Preference Schedule, and several other well-known measures. A great many of these correlations are significant; so many in fact where the MMPI is concerned it appears the two inventories must be nearly completely overlapping. Researchers have reviewed a number of factor-analytic studies and concluded that none support Fitts' specific hypothesis of 15 dimensions of self-concept.

Norms: The primary norm group for the TSCS was a sample of 626 people who varied in age from 12 to 68 years. The group was composed of approximately equal members of men and women and ranged over a variety of educational, social, and economic levels. There is a reasonable degree of racial and geographic diversity, but younger white subjects, especially students, are over represented.

Suggested Uses: Recommended uses for the TSCS include the assessment of self-concept in clinical, counseling, and research settings.